The square or plaza is a place dedicated to people’s leisure and entertainment, and it is also the most attractive public and open space in the urban space environment that reflects the modern urban civilization. It carries the functions of leisure, entertainment, consumption, and publicity. Most people spend their leisure time at night, and the traffic peaks in major squares are also at night. This not only illustrates the necessity of square plaza lighting design but also relates to the cultural and spiritual outlook of a city.
There are six main categories of squares: municipal, memorial, commercial, transportation, religious and recreational squares. Various squares have different functions and properties. Therefore, different lighting fixtures, design styles, and design techniques should be selected according to different occasions to achieve the desired effect.
Lighting design of municipal square
The Municipal plaza is a venue for government cultural gatherings, politics, celebrations, inspections, parades, etiquette, and traditional folk festivals. Generally located in the center of the city, and normally this type of plaza has a large area. When designing the lighting for a municipal plaza, we should pay attention to the sense of solemnity. It is not advisable to arrange too many entertainment lights, otherwise, it will not be conducive to the activities of a large number of people.
Lighting design of memorial square
The lighting design of commemorative plazas generally focuses on the commemorative sculptures, memorials, monuments, or memorial buildings in the center or on both sides of the plaza. Usually, static lighting is mainly used, and the style is mainly elegant, highlighting the cultural atmosphere, and bringing people unlimited reverie.
Lighting design of commercial plaza
The commercial plaza is mainly used for markets and shopping. Generally, indoor shopping malls are combined with open-air and semi-outdoor plazas, so pedestrian street lighting design is usually adopted for such commercial plazas. Arrange some architectural decorations and leisure entertainment facilities in the square, highlighting the characteristics of gorgeous, lively, colorful, luxurious, and elegant, so as to stimulate consumers’ desire for consumption.
Lighting design of traffic plaza
As a hub for connecting traffic, the traffic square plays the role of connection, distribution, transition, and parking, such as the square in front of the railway station. The lighting design of the traffic plaza is mainly based on functional lighting, which assumes the role of instruction and guidance. In addition, appropriate greening and lighting arrangements can be made on both sides of the square and roads to enhance the beauty.
Lighting design of leisure entertainment plaza
The leisure entertainment plaza is mainly to provide people with a venue for entertainment activities. The lighting design of leisure entertainment plazas is more flexible because its purpose is to facilitate the citizens, the plaza lighting design should have a joyful and relaxed atmosphere, and be comfortable and convenient.
Lighting design of religious square
Religious squares are mainly used to hold religious ceremonies and are generally arranged in front of religious buildings. The lighting design of religious square should reflect and highlight the religious-cultural atmosphere through some axis relationship design and landscape decoration arrangement.
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